Sustainable agriculture has become a primary focus in efforts to preserve the environment and meet the growing global food demand. One crucial step in achieving sustainable agriculture is the use of organic fertilizers. Compost is one type of environmentally friendly organic fertilizer that can be locally produced. This article will discuss how to make compost using palm oil empty fruit bunches, a waste product that is often an environmental issue.
Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunches as Raw Material
Palm oil empty fruit bunches are a waste product from the palm oil industry, which is widely produced in tropical countries, including Indonesia. This waste is often an environmental problem because it is difficult to naturally decompose and can pollute the soil and water if not managed properly. However, palm oil empty fruit bunches can be transformed into compost, which is highly beneficial for agriculture.
Steps to Make Compost from Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunches
Here are the simple steps to make compost using palm oil empty fruit bunches:
1. Raw Material Collection
Gather dried palm oil empty fruit bunches. Ensure that they are free from foreign objects like plastic or metal.
2. Cutting the Bunches
Cut the palm oil empty fruit bunches into small pieces, about 10-15 cm in length. This will facilitate the decomposition process.
Prepare a composting site or container and arrange layers of the cut empty fruit bunches with green layers (e.g., vegetable scraps) and brown layers (e.g., dried leaves) alternately.
4. Adding Additional Materials
To expedite the decomposition process, add supplementary materials such as manure or Effective Microorganisms (EM4) to the compost pile.
5. Compost Maintenance
Ensure the compost pile stays moist by periodically watering it. You also need to turn the compost pile every few weeks to ensure proper air circulation.
6. Decomposition Process
Allow the palm oil empty fruit bunches and other materials to undergo the decomposition process for 2 to 6 months. Once this process is complete, the compost will turn dark, have an earthy smell, and feel crumbly.
7. Using Compost
Matured compost can be used to enrich the soil in gardens, farms, or vegetable plots. This will enhance soil fertility and plant growth.
Benefits of Using Compost from Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunches
1. Making compost from palm oil empty fruit bunches helps reduce environmental waste and turns it into a valuable resource.
2. Compost improves soil quality and fertility, resulting in better plant growth.
3. By using compost, we can reduce reliance on chemical fertilizers that can harm the environment.
4. Producing compost from palm oil empty fruit bunches can save costs on purchasing commercial fertilizers.
10 November 2023